Home

Obesity impact on health care costs

Obesity accounts for more than two-thirds of all treatment costs for diabetes, almost a quarter of treatment for cardiovascular conditions and 9% of cancer cases, according to the report. As well as lowering life expectancy, it hinders school performance, decreases worker productivity and lowers gross domestic product (GDP) The effect of excess weight on annual medical care costs at the individual level increased significantly with class of obesity; relative to those with normal weight, the additional expenditures due to obesity rose from $1,713 (a 68.4% increase) for class 1 obesity to $3,005 for class 2 obesity, (a 120.0% increase) to $5,850 (a 233.6% increase. Overall, the authors found the percent of U.S. national medical expenditures devoted to treating obesity-related illness in adults rose from 6.13 percent in 2001 to 7.91 percent in 2015, an increase of 29 percent. The publication reports results by payer type, including private health insurance companies, Medicare and Medicaid The increased health risks for major disease that come with obesity carry not only a high social price tag but also a high economic one—relative medical costs for the obese are estimated to be 36.. Increased spend on pharmaceuticals: Obesity affects the pharmacokinetics of the body, which can lead to the patient requiring more frequent administration or higher doses of medication, 4 as well as more frequent care and vital sign monitoring by the nurse

How much obesity costs healthcare systems around the world

Direct medical costs of obesity in the United States and

In 2016, chronic diseases driven by the risk factor of obesity and overweight accounted for $480.7 billion in direct health care costs in the U.S., with an additional $1.24 trillion in indirect costs due to lost economic productivity Previous literature generally found that obesity worsens economic outcomes, such as medical care costs, wages, and employment, and imposes negative external costs that may justify government intervention Obese people account for 37 percent of the United States' population, but obesity-related diseases and health problems account for 61 percent of healthcare costs in the United States every year (The Economics of Overweight and Obesity, 2007)

Obesity continues to negatively affect the health of billions of individuals worldwide. The damage and costs associated with obesity consist of increased health care costs decreased productivity.. the effect of obesity on medical care costs is much greater than previously appreciated. The model also passes two falsification tests: it does not find an impact of obesity on medical care costs for conditions that are unrelated to obesity, and biologically unrelated children (e.g. stepchildren) are not significant predictors of respondent weight

ABSTRACT: Obese people incur higher health care costs at a given point in time, but how rising obesity rates affect spending growth over time is unknown. We estimate obesity-attributable health. In addition to its serious health consequences, obesity has real economic costs that affect all of us. The estimated annual health care costs of obesity-related illness are a staggering $190.2 billion or nearly 21% of annual medical spending in the United States. 1 Childhood obesity alone is responsible for $14 billion in direct medical costs. . Obesity-related medical costs in general are. The impact of obesity on health care spending is likely to increase in the coming years unless further preventative steps are taken. Although recent data suggest tha We detected a near-doubling in hospitalizations with a diagnosis of obesity between 1999 and 2005 and an increase in costs from $125.9 million to 237.6 million (in 2005 dollars) between 2001 and.. The obesity epidemic has far-reaching implications for the economic and health care future in the United States. Treatments that show reduction in health care costs over time should be approved and made available to as many patients as possible. It is our opinion that bariatric surgery meets this criterion

Obesity's impact on health care costs varies by state

Each year in our country, the wide variety of obesity-related diseases (ranging from muscle and joint problems to diabetes to heart disease to cancer) result in an estimated 400,000 deaths and $190.. Indirect expenditure looked at how obesity impact health care cost when production and productivity is hampered and there is not enough financing for health care due to lack of income. A vicious cycle then, peddlers its way into health care costs showing up as poor health status, inability to work, low productivity and poverty Being severely obese can increase health care costs by approximately 50 percent. Obesity-related health care costs are partly paid for by nonobese Americans through taxes to support Medicare and.. An analysis of the total costs of obesity in healthcare and the economy resulted in the discovery that the total national costs of obesity is $147 billion. Along with the subjects previously mentioned, this paper also sheds light on the ways in which the epidemic is being addressed in the forms of health policy and workplace wellness programs In this study, the economic burden of obesity was defined as both the direct costs to the health care system (i.e., hospital care, pharmaceuticals, physician care and institutional care) and indirect costs to productivity (i.e., the value of economic output lost as a result of premature death and short- and long-term disability)

Obesity, Prevention, and Health Care Cost

Obesity drives U.S. health care costs up by 29 percent, varies by state Date: February 8, 2018 Source: Cornell University Summary: Recent research provides new insights on how individual states. Preventing Obesity in the USA: Impact on Health Service Utilization and Costs. Cecchini M(1), Sassi F. Author information: (1)Institute of Global Health Innovation, Imperial College London, London, UK, michele.cecchini@oecd.org childhood obesity; lifetime medical cost; cost of illness; Roughly one-third of adults in the United States are obese. 1 Adult obesity is an independent risk factor for a wide range of noncommunicable diseases, including cardiovascular disease, 2 type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, 3 sleep apnea, 4 and arthritis. 5 - 9 It is a significant cause of disability, 10 - 12 excess mortality, 13. The impact of depression alongside obesity on healthcare costs has been reported in a previous study based on secondary care 18. Overall, having an elevated BMI category in addition to a comorbidity appeared to increase costs, although having depression was an even greater contributor to high healthcare costs alongside a comorbidity The additional annual medical costs due to overweight and obesity among 6 to 13 year olds is about $43 million (in 2015 AUD). This is driven by a higher utilisation of general practitioner and specialist doctors. The results suggest that the economic consequences of childhood obesity are much larger than previously estimated

Abstract. Objective: To assess and compare health care costs for normal-weight, overweight and obese Australians. Design, setting and participants: Analysis of 5-year follow-up data from the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study, collected in 2004-2005. Data were available for 6140 participants aged ≥ 25 years at baseline. Main outcome measures: Direct health care cost, direct. That sharp increase in the fraction of adults who are overweight or obese poses an important public health challenge. Those adults are more likely to develop serious illnesses, including coronary heart disease, diabetes, and hypertension. As a result, that trend also affects spending on health care

One of the fundamental reasons because of which individuals falling in the overweight classification should pay higher expenses is because obesity is connected as a prime-causative of a few terminal and critical diseases. Instances of obesity regularly transform into a complex medical problem that is even hazardous to health The Cornell study reports that an obese person incurs medical costs that are $2,741 higher (in 2005 dollars) than if they were not obese. Nationwide, that translates into $190.2 billion per year, or 20.6 percent of national health expenditures. The study appeared in the January issue of the Journal of Health Economics (31:1) The paper Impact of Obesity on Health Care Costs highlights that obesity in the USA has been continually perceived as a major health issue. While many built-up countries have recorded high obesity prevalence rates in the recent past, USA has gone further to skyrocketing prevalence level

This result provides that the estimate of the national medical care costs attributable to obesity would be $94.3 billion ($75.6-$113.2 billion), which accounts for 3.8% (2.8%-4.3%) of national health expenditures in 2010 According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, The estimated annual medical cost of obesity in the United States was $147 billion in 2008 U.S. dollars; the medical cost for.. High Cost of Care for the Morbidly Obese A study published in the 2005 International Journal of Obesity found that health care costs in 2000 were twice as much for morbidly obese adults than.. Studies estimate that nearly 10 percent of U.S. corporate health care costs are due to obesity and its complications. For a large company like Dow, that means tens of millions of dollars a year The obesity epidemic in the U.S. has cost the U.S. economy $1.72 trillion, which includes hundreds of billions of dollars in health care costs and more than a trillion dollars in lost productivity,..

Obesity's impact on health care costs varies by state cgm76 February 8, 2018 January 30, 2018 One Health in the News The prevalence of obesity has risen dramatically in the U.S., but there has been little information about the economic impact of this trend for individual states The model estimates the cost-effectiveness of obesity interventions through their impact on BMI, obesity prevalence, and obesity-related health care costs over the 10-year simulation ending in 2025 and following guidelines of the first US Panel on Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine. 23 We report cost per unit change in BMI, per case of obesity averted, and per year with obesity averted as the primary measures of cost-effectiveness The effects of obesity on health care costs already exceed those of smoking or problem drinking ((16)). In aggregate terms, obesity accounts for ∼6% to 10% of national health care expenditures in the U.S. and 2.0% to 3.5% in other Western countries ((17), (18), (19), (20), (21), (22), (23), (24))

Three ways obesity is affecting the entire healthcare syste

An obese person generates 40 percent more in medical costs per year than a non-obese person. In 2008, Mississippi spent $925 million in health-care costs directly related to obesity. If the trend continues, obesity related health-care costs will be $3.9 billion by 2018. Obese adults miss work more often than lean workers, impacting productivity Among adults with obesity (BMI of 30 or greater), 60- to 70-year-olds had the highest health care costs. The lowest costs were associated with a BMI of 20.5 for women and 23.5 for men. MORE FOR YO obesity prevention strategies were put in place in the U.S. population. CHOICES projects compare this action with what is projected to happen in the absence of an intervention, and then it estimates the costs, health impact, number of children reached, and healthcare cost savings that would occur over a ten-year time period Doctors say obese patients tend to need more procedures Obesity is costly. The total cost of obesity was estimated to be $117 billion in 2000. Direct health care costs accounted for over half — $61 billion — of the total cost.(8) Obese individuals are at risk for developing chronic conditions that often require acute and long-term care

The Impact of Obesity on United States Health Care

people and the cumulative, marginal economic costs of obesity in Australia will reach $87.7 billion by 2025, not including the impact on the quality of life of the obese, their families and carers. Costs of obesity Obesity is not only a health and quality of life risk for individuals, it also impacts societ The economic impact of obesity in the UK estimates that the health care costs associated with obesity in the country account for between 2.3% and 2.6% of all public health spending,(4) while another study estimates at 4.6% the resources that the problem monopolizes.(5

Video: Adult Obesity Causes & Consequences Overweight & Obesity

Health and Economic Costs of Chronic Diseases CD

  1. Statistics on Obesity. The obesity statistics in America are staggering. Whether one is discussing the annual cost of obesity, reciting frightening obesity statistics in U.S., or warning the public regarding the dangerous statistics on childhood obesity, the obesity health costs and use of medical resources is now out-of-control and in need of a national intervention
  2. Childhood obesity and its health consequences throughout life have been well documented (Daniels, 2006). The impact of childhood obesity is being felt across all sectors of children's health and welfare. It is also having a significant economic impact on the health care system. Annual hospital costs related to childhood and adolescent obesity.
  3. The impact of obesity on health care costs among persons with schizophrenia. Lydia A. Chwastiak, Robert A. Rosenheck, Joseph Patrick McEvoy, T. Scott Stroup, Marvin S. Swartz, Obesity is the second leading cause of preventable death in the United States and is twice as common among individuals with schizophrenia as the general population.

Other studies have found relationships between obesity and increased medical care costs. 21,22 Thompson and colleagues 21 assessed the relationship between BMI and health care costs in a retrospective cohort study. Costs of care for study subjects who responded to a health survey in 1990 and were stratified by BMI at that time were evaluated. The estimate includes $480.7 billion in direct health-care costs and $1.24 trillion in lost productivity, as documented in America's Obesity Crisis: The Health and Economic Impact of Excess Weight.

The Impact on Health Care. Both the direct and indirect medical costs of obesity will become a major burden for health care systems around the world. In the U.S., a 1998 study found that medical. Social Care and Obesity - a discussion paper 3 This discussion paper considers the impact that obesity has on social care and the challenges facing social care now and in the future. For understandable reasons a considerable amount of energy to date has focused on the impact of obesity on the NHS but there is a

Conclusions: Obesity and smoking have large long-term impacts on health care costs of working-age adults. Controlling comorbidities impacted incremental costs of obesity but may lead to underestimation of the true incremental costs because obesity is a risk factor for developing chronic conditions Being overweight or having obesity greatly increases the risk of stroke, where blood stops flowing to your brain. Obesity can also have a profound effect on your mental health. This includes a.. What Is the Impact of Obesity on Society? Obesity has taken a toll on health care costs across the country—estimated between $147 billion and $210 billion in direct and indirect health care costs, as of 2010. Medical costs for individuals with obesity were calculated to be $1429 higher in 2006 than for those of normal weight Obesity is also a risk factor for other common forms of cancer. 23  These diseases can cost more than $5,000 per person. The average cost of treating diabetes, for example, is $9,601 per person. 24  These diseases are difficult to manage because patients get tired of taking the medications Excellus BCBS Report Details Obesity's Impact On Health And Health Care Spending. $310 in annual incremental health care costs, and an obese individual incurs an estimated $2,005 in annual incremental health care costs. In New York state, overweight and obesity contributes $8.7 billion in excess annual medical costs, including $2.5 billion.

Impact of Obesity on Medical Care Costs and Labor Market

The rising tide of obesity threatens to send health care costs soaring. Already, the nation spends an estimated $147 billion to $210 billion per year on obesity-related diseases including Type 2. Overall the direct health care costs of obesity were approximately 70 billion dollars or 7% of total health care cost (see Table 2). Table 2: Costs ($ billions) of obesity (BMI > 30) in the United States, 1995. Costs of obesity in other countries Obese Individuals Spend More on Health Care. Figure 2 shows health care expenditures for obese individuals, current smokers, past smokers, heavy drinkers, and people who have aged from 30 to 50, as compared with a baseline of normal-weight individuals of the same age and sex with similar social demographics Obesity in New Zealand places a considerable strain on the health care system: a study in 2006 estimated that health care costs attributable to overweight and obese persons was $686 million or 4.5% of New Zealand's total health care expenditure At the other end of the malnutrition scale, obesity is one of today's most blatantly visible - yet most neglected - public health problems. Paradoxically coexisting with undernutrition, an escalating global epidemic of overweight and obesity - globesity - is taking over many parts of the world. If immediate action is not taken, millions will suffer from an array of serious.

Obesity and the Rising Cost of Healthcare in America

Zhou Yang, a professor at Emory University who studies the impact of obesity on the medical system, found that obese older males spent $190,657 more on lifetime health-care expenses than their. As Congress Seeks to Lower Health Care Costs, New Report Finds Obesity Costs Will Quadruple Over the Next Decade Without ActionA new study released today shows that rising obesity rates will continue to be an increasing burden on the health care system over the next decade. The report, titled, The Future Cost of Obesity: National and State Estimates of the Impact of Obesity on Direct Health.

The costs of obesity. it will have an adverse impact on the health and wellbeing of the local population and PHE have launched a suite of resources aimed at supporting the health care and. The authors found that obesity was associated with a number of disparities in health care access and use. The study found that obesity in children age 7 to 11 was associated with a lower likelihood of having a well-child visit, and obesity in adolescents age 12 to 17 was associated with a higher likelihood of having a prescription drug fill According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics the total annual cost of obesity in 2008 including health system costs, loss of productivity and carers' costs was estimated at around $58 billion. The!Future!Costs!of!Obesity:! National!and!State!Estimates!of!the!Impact!of!Obesity!on!Direct!Health!Care! Expenses!!!! A!collaborative!report!from!United!Health.

Recent research by John Cawley, professor of policy analysis and management at Cornell University, provides new insights on how individual states are affected by the health care costs of obesity. The annual direct costs of childhood obesity in the United States as of 2016 are an estimated $14.3 billion [18, 19, 112].The total economic effects of obesity may be two to three times this figure, when impaired quality of life, reduced longevity, and other costs outside the medical care system (e.g., lost work days, reduced work performance) are considered [4, 20, 21] The negative health consequences of childhood obesity impact entire communities and society as a whole, through higher health care costs, poorer school performance and lower worker productivity. Overall health is a key component of many indices that rank states and communities as desirable places to live and work In addition to its serious health consequences, obesity has real economic costs that affect all of us. The estimated annual health care costs of obesity-related illness are a staggering $190.2 billion or nearly 21% of annual medical spending in the United States. 1 Childhood obesity alone is responsible for $14 billion in direct medical costs

The Economic Cost of an Obese Society - Investopedi

  1. research has looked at the overall trend of rising health care costs rather than focusing on the impact of lifestyle choices and outcomes on costs. Consequently, the research put forth in this document will contribute a solid foundation of knowledge surrounding the relationship between obesity and health care expenditures
  2. g decades. This includes money spent directly on medical care and prescription drugs related to obesity
  3. On the other end are Wisconsin, Ohio and North Carolina, with each dedicating more than 12 percent of healthcare expenditures toward obesity. Nationally, medical expenditures earmarked for obesity and related ailments rose 29 percent from 2001 to 2015, from just over 6 percent to almost 8 percent

The Impact Of Obesity On Rising Medical Spending Health

Being overweight or obese can have a serious impact on health. Carrying extra fat leads to serious health consequences such as cardiovascular disease (mainly heart disease and stroke), type 2 diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders like osteoarthritis, and some cancers (endometrial, breast and colon) Obesity is costly, yet there have been few attempts to estimate the actual costs of providing hospital care to the obese inpatient. This study aimed to test the feasibility of measuring obesity-related health care costs and accuracy of coding data for acute inpatients concluded that obesity accounted for 0·7-2·8% of a country's total health-care costs, and that obese individuals had medical costs 30% higher than those with normal weight The overall direct and indirect costs of obesity-related healthcare in the United States exceed $215 billion per year. 6. However, obesity is not only a domestic health challenge. It also is a global health challenge. In 2008, the World Health Organization estimated that, worldwide, approximately 500 million. In the U.S., a 1998 study found that medical expenses attributed to both overweight and obesity accounted for 9.1 percent of total U.S. medical expenditure — possibly reaching $78.5 billion (the..

Economic Costs of Obesity Healthy Communities for a

  1. Their finding: Obesity is the most serious problem. It is linked to a big increase in chronic health conditions and significantly higher health expenditures. And it affects more people than smoking, heavy drinking, or poverty
  2. A 2016 analysis estimates that direct medical costs for obesity and related conditions (such as diabetes) and these conditions' indirect costs (such as absenteeism, presenteeism, and other lost work productivity) total $1.42 trillion yearly for the United States alone
  3. In the United States, estimates of the financial impact of obesity amount to $150 billion a year in medical expenses. For employers, it is estimated that the associated costs top $73 billion a year. But for many companies, expenses attributable to obesity are difficult to estimate

Effects Of Childhood Obesity On Hospital Care And Costs

Clearly, obesity has an important impact on health-care costs due to direct and indirect costs. Obesity cost Australians $21 billion in 2005, double the cost of Medicare in Australia The impact of a managed care obesity intervention on clinical outcomes and costs: a prospective observational study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013;21(11):2157-2162. doi: 10.1002/oby.20597

The economic costs of obesity and the impact of bariatric

Obesity-related conditions include heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes, which are among the leading causes of death. In addition to grave health consequences, overweight and obesity significantly increase medical costs and pose a staggering burden on the U.S. medical care delivery system Trasande L, Chatterjee S. The impact of obesity on health service utilization and costs in childhood. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009;17(9):1749-54. PubMed Article Google Scholar 30. Akaike H, A new look at the statistical model identification. IEEE Trans autom Control. 1974;AC-19:716-723. 31. Burnham KP, Anderson DR According to Finkelstein and colleagues, the direct medical cost of overweight and obesity in the U.S. was $78.5 billion in 1998 [ 3] and more recent work by Finkelstein and colleagues estimates that medical costs attributable to obesity could run as high as $147 billion in 2008 [ 4 ]

obesity-related health care expenditures have been between 5 and 7 percent of annual health care expenditures in the United States, two recent studies have estimated that as much as 9.1 percent or 16.5 percent of total health care costs can be attributed to being overweight or obese The U.S. is expected to spend $344 billion on health care costs attributable to obesity in 2018 if rates continue to increase at their current levels. Obesity ‐ related direct expenditures are expected to account for more than 21 percent of the nation's direct health care spending in 2018. Obesity is linked to higher health care costs than smoking or drinking, and plays a major role in disability at all ages. The explosive increase in bariatric surgery has had no noticeable effect on the prevalence of severe obesity

How Our Health-Care System Is Feeding the Obesity Epidemi

  1. The impact of obesity on health status: some implications for health care costs. Seidell JC Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord , 19 Suppl 6:S13-6, 01 Nov 199
  2. Overall, the authors found the percent of U.S. national medical expenditures devoted to treating obesity-related illness in adults rose from 6.13 percent in 2001 to 7.91 percent in 2015, an..
  3. Obesity can have a significant impact on employers, in health care and workers' compensation costs and in lost productivity. Health care costs for obese employees are as much as 21 percent higher than costs for those at a healthy weight. In addition, overweight or obese full-time workers with other chronic health conditions miss 450 million.
  4. Annual health care costs for an obese child being treated for the condition are estimated at $2,500 to $4,200 more than for a normal-weight child, according to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The Georgia Department of Public Health has mounted a fight against obesity with programs to promote nutrition and encourage exercise

Impact of Obesity on Health Care Costs Course Work WOW

Linking Obesity and Health Care - Center for American Progres

  1. in obesity prevalence has led to high rates of obesity-related diseases and asso- ciated health-care costs. Design: Micro-simulation is used to project future BMI trends
  2. Widespread obesity raised medical-care costs by $315.8 billion in 2010, according to John Cawley, an economics professor at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. That amounted to about $3,508 a.
  3. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics the total annual cost of obesity in 2008 including health system costs, loss of productivity and carers' costs was estimated at around $58 billion
  4. Obesity and diabetes are two critical and interlinked public health concerns in Louisiana. These two chronic conditions increase the risk of other costly health conditions, such as high blood pressure, heart disease and stroke. Obesity and diabetes can also decrease the quality and duration of life and result in avoidable health care costs
  5. Nov. 17, 2009 -- If Americans continue to pack on pounds, obesity will cost the USA about $344 billion in medical-related expenses by 2018, eating up about 21% of health-care spending, says the.

Impact of weight bias and stigma on quality of care and outcomes for patients with obesity. Phelan SM, Burgess DJ, Yeazel MW, Hellerstedt WK. Griffin JM, van Ryn M. Many health care providers hold strong negative attitudes and stereotypes about people with obesity. These attitudes may impact the care they provide. Obes Rev. 2015 Apr;16(4):319-26 Obesity: Facts, Figures, Guidelines: Section One - Continued THE ECONOMIC COSTS OF OBESITY There have been numerous estimates of the economic costs of overweight and obesity. Among the most frequently cited are the direct and indirect health care costs calculated by Wolf and Colditz and published in Obesity Research in 1998 (69)

Health care costs by disease were those prepared for the ACE Prevention project . The 2003 figures were inflated to 2010 values using national health price inflation estimates . Health care costs for non-obesity related diseases were included in the model, so 'unrelated' health care costs in added years of life are accounted for economic and social impact as the direct costs of treating obesity appears to have greatly outweighed those of treating its secondary medical consequences. 2. Relationships between food behavior and disease: the role of food safety Several economic studies have estimated the effects of obesity on health-care expenditure and social costs

Heavy Cost of Obesity in Healthcare - NursingAnswers

NHS care pathways for management of overweight and obesity

Obesity in Canada - Health and economic implications

Presentations - HCMS GroupThe impact of food advertising on childhood obesity
  • Texas game Warden near me.
  • Raspberry Pi 4 internet speed test.
  • Angry Birds power ups free.
  • Tire supplier Near me.
  • Speck iPhone 11 Pro Case Amazon.
  • 8 Label template Word.
  • Aptos threading breast lift UK cost.
  • Lotto 6/49.
  • AERIN ceramics.
  • WiFi systems for campgrounds.
  • How to convert black and white document to color.
  • Acela Boston to nyc schedule.
  • Chicken and broccoli stir fry calories.
  • 30 Amp dryer outlet.
  • Cash on Delivery Malaysia.
  • Audi oil change cost Reddit.
  • Mount Rushmore facts.
  • Oracle 19c SYS password.
  • Can i exercise with a second degree burn.
  • Tracy Anderson streaming Free.
  • Gender Reveal Target.
  • Mount Rushmore facts.
  • How can i lower My blood pressure immediately.
  • Electrical fire caused by water.
  • How to play a PAL DVD on an NTSC TV.
  • Cost of carpet per square metre NZ.
  • Breaking someone's heart Reddit.
  • Things to do before work in the morning.
  • How can I find my CVV number without my card.
  • Deep sea fishing NJ.
  • IPad 2 Mid 2012 downgrade.
  • Netflix on CRT TV.
  • Your account is temporarily blocked Instagram.
  • Carpetright LVT.
  • Sunseeker Predator 108.
  • Annuity calculator UK.
  • 4x8 CNC vacuum table.
  • Sims 4 raised basement.
  • How long does a foreclosure take in Florida.
  • Ugg fluff yeah slide multi color.
  • Diva Davanna birthday.